The Domestication of Sesame Seed – Ancient Gift from Harappa

Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) is the source of one of the oldest edible oils in the world and is important component in bakery foods and animals feed. Sesame seed contains 50-60% oil and 25% protein with antioxidant lignans.

The first reported discovery of sesame is in the Indus Valley civilization site of Harappa, within the mature Harappan Phase levels of mound F, dated between 2700 and 1900 BC.


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